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William H. Neill

Neill, William H.
William H. Neill
Senior Professor & Professor Emeritus
262 WFES
Undergraduate Education
University of Arkansas
Graduate Education
M.S., University of Arkansas
Ph.D., University of Wisconsin, Madison

Research Direction

Biophysical, physiological and behavioral bases of fish ecology, in the context both of fisheries and aquaculture.Main emphasis on teleost fishes. Special interests include

  1. mechanisms and capacity for growth and production;
  2. environmental optima and tolerance limits;
  3. physiological and behavioral responses to environmental heterogeneity; and,
  4. emergence of autecological relations at the levels of cohort, population and community.

Approaches include computer-assisted experimentation and modeling.

Selected Publications

NEILL, W.H., J.J. MAGNUSON, and G.G. CHIPMAN.  1972.  Behavioral thermoregulation by fishes:  A new experimental approach.  Science 176:1443 1445.

NEILL, W.H., and J.J. MAGNUSON. 1974. Distributional ecology and behavioral thermoregulation of fishes in relation to heated effluent from a power plant at  Lake Monona,  Wisconsin. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 103:663-710.

NEILL, W.H., and E.D. STEVENS. 1974.  Thermal inertia versus thermoregulation in “warm” turtles and tunas. Science 184:1008-1010.

STEVENS, E.D., and W.H. NEILL. 1978. B ody-temperature relations of tunas, especially skipjack, p. 315-359. In Fish Physiology (W.S. Hoar and D.J. Randall, eds.), Vol.7. Academic Press, N.Y., NY.

NEILL, W.H. 1979. Mechanisms of fish distribution in heterothermal environments. American Zoologist 19:305-317.

FECHHELM, R.G., and W.H. NEILL. 1982. Predicting body-core temperature in fish subjected to fluctuating ambient temperature. Physiological Zoology 55:229-239.

NEILL, W.H. 1984. Behavioral enviroregulation’s role in fish migration, p. 61-66. In Mechanisms of Migration in Fishes (J.D. McCleave, G.P. Arnold, J.J. Dodson, and W.H. Neill, eds.). Plenum Press, N.Y., NY.

BRYAN, J.D., S.W. KELSCH, and W.H. NEILL. 1990. The maximum power principle in behavioral thermoregulation by fishes. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 119:611-621.

HAM, K.D., and W.H. NEILL. 1993. Photoregulatory behavior of bluegill, Lepomis macrochirus, in a virtual light gradient. Environmental Biology of Fishes 37:205-211.

NEILL, W.H., J.M. MILLER, H.W. VAN DER VEER, and K.O. WINEMILLER. 1994. Ecophysiology of marine fish recruitment: A conceptual framework for understanding interannual variability. Netherlands Journal of Sea Research 32:135-152.

STARLING, S.M., R.M. BRUCKLER, R.K. STRAWN, and W.H. NEILL. 1995. Predicting the lethality of fluctuating low temperatures to blue tilapia. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society124:112-117.

DOOLEY, K.E., and W.H. NEILL.  1999.  Systems modeling by interdisciplinary teams: Innovative approaches to learning and instruction at a distance.  Journal of Natural Resources and Life Science Education 28:3-8.

KAMPS, R.H., and W.H. NEILL.  1999. Aquacultural effluents:  Directive signals to the system downstream?  Journal of Chemical Ecology 25:2041-2050.

BUENTELLO, J.A., D.M. GATLIN III, and W.H. NEILL.  2000.  Effects of water temperature and dissolved oxygen on daily feed consumption, feed utilization and growth of channel catfish (Ictalurus punctatus). Aquaculture 182:339-352.

WU, H., B.-L. LI, T.A. SPRINGER, and W.H. NEILL.  2000. Modelling animal movement as a persistent random walk in two dimensions: expected magnitude of net displacement. Ecological Modelling 132:115-124.

NEILL, W.H., and 14 co-authors.  2004.  Ecophys.Fish:  A simulation model of fish growth in time-varying environmental regimes. Reviews in Fisheries Science 12:233-288.

FONTAINE, L.P., K.W. WHITEMAN, P. LI, G.S. BURR, K.A. WEBB, J. GOFF, D.M. GATLIN III, W.H. NEILL, K.B. DAVIS, and R.R. Vega.  2007.  Effects of temperature and feed energy on the performance of juvenile red drum. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 136:1193-1205.

WALKER, S.J., W.H. NEILL, A.L. LAWRENCE, and D.M. GATLIN III.  2010.  Effect of salinity and body weight on ecophysiological performance of the Pacific white shrimp (Litopenaeusvannamei).  Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 380:119-124.

WALKER, S.J., W.H. NEILL, A.L. LAWRENCE, and D.M. GATLIN III.  2011.  Effect of temperature and starvation on ecophysiological performance of the Pacific white shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei).  Aquaculture 319:439-445.