Undergraduate Courses

101. Introduction to Wildlife and Fisheries. (1-0). Credit 1. Introduction to the wildlife and fisheries profession and to alternatives for study in the department. Prerequisite: Open only to students with less than 36 hours at Texas A&M University. Registration through the Department of Wildlife and Fisheries Sciences only.

291. Research. Credit 1 to 4. Research conducted under the direction of faculty member in wildlife and fisheries sciences. May be repeated 3 times for credit. Prerequisites: Freshman or sophomore classification and approval of instructor.

300. Field Studies. Credit 3. Integration of principles of animal and plant ecology with environmental factors to characterize wildlife populations. Intensive analysis of specific areas will emphasize either the development of a wildlife management plan or a general vertebrate natural history survey. Prerequisite: Prior approval of instructor. Cross-listed with ENTO 300.*

301. Wildlife and the Changing Environment. (3-0). Credit 3. Using an ecosystem approach, analyzes changes in the North American environment; effects of these changes on wildlife populations; and reviews areas of major, current concern. Prerequisites: Junior or senior classification; restricted to nonmajors.

302. Natural History of the Vertebrates. (2-2). Credit 3. Introduction to life histories of fishes, amphibians, reptiles, birds and mammals; covers vertebrate groups on a worldwide scale and emphasizes a comparative approach to the study of adaptation to the environment; topics include behavior, reproduction, feeding specializations, evolutionary history, locomotion, hibernation, migration, endangered species, zoogeography and importance to man; laboratory emphasizes the recognition of Texas vertebrates. Designed for both science and non-science majors. Prerequisites: BIOL 111 and BIOL 112 or BIOL 101 and BIOL 107 or equivalent.*

303. Fish and Wildlife Laws and Administration. (3-0). Credit 3. A review and analysis of state and federal laws and international treaties and conventions affecting fish and wildlife; their application and administration; organizational structure of state, federal and international agencies; their objectives, policies and practices. Prerequisite: RENR 205 or BIOL 357; Junior classification.

304. Wildlife and Fisheries Conservation. (3-0). Credit 3. Ecological principles used to conserve and manage wildlife and fisheries resources at the individual, population and community levels; topics include conservation biology, species interactions, animal-habitat relationships, population dynamics and harvesting, habitat management and restoration and human dimensions of fish and wildlife conservation. Prerequisites: RENR 205 and junior or senior classification or approval of instructor.*

311. Ichthyology. (2-3). Credit 3. Introduction to the study of fishes, their biology, classification, evolution, distribution, ecology and economic importance. Prerequisite: WFSC 302 or BIOL 318.*

315. Herpetology. (2-2). Credit 3. Evolutionary ecology of reptiles and amphibians and conservation biology of the major groups; labs concentrate on the global diversity of herps and the herpetofauna of Texas; foundation for students in wildlife science and biology. Prerequisites: WFSC 302 or approval of instructor; WFSC 302 or BIOL 318.*

316. Field Herpetology. (0-3). Credit 1. Field work involving collection and preservation of herpetological specimens; natural history, ecological relations. Available for students enrolled in WFSC 315 who would like to have field trips. Prerequisite: WFSC 315 or registration therein.*

327. Wildlife Diseases. (3-0). Credit 3. Basic mechanisms of diseases as they occur in wildlife populations; interplay of habitat requirements, individual physiological requirements and disease producing mechanisms of varied wildlife species. Prerequisite: Junior classification or approval of department head. Cross-listed with VTPB 301.*

335. Natural History of the Invertebrates. (3-3). Credit 4. A phylogenetic survey of the invertebrate phyla including their taxonomy, morphology, life histories, ecology, ethology and zoogeography. Field trips may be required for which departmental fees may be assessed to cover costs.

401. General Mammalogy. (2-3). Credit 3. Mammalian biology; evolution, classification, biogeography, reproduction, physiology, ecology, and behavior; focuses on basic concepts necessary for a foundation in both wildlife science and biology. Prerequisites: WFSC 302 or BIOL 318; junior classification.*

402. General Ornithology. (2-3). Credit 3. Introduction to study of birds, their structure, classification, geographic distribution, ecological relations and economic status; foundation of wildlife science, also for museum work. Prerequisites: WFSC 302 or BIOL 318; junior classification.*

403. Animal Ecology. (2-3). Credit 3. Concepts of animal ecology which emerge at various levels of organization; the ecosystem, the community, the population and the individual; laboratories emphasis on the quantitative analysis of field data and the simulation of population dynamics. Prerequisites: RENR 205 or approval of instructor; junior classification.*

404. Aquatic Ecosystems. (3-0). Credit 3. Inland and coastal zone aquatic ecosystems, lower foodweb structure, functioning and influence on living resources; lakes, rivers, estuaries, open bay systems, factors impacting ecosystem health and fisheries; harmful algal blooms, reduced water inflows, eutrophication and hypoxia formation as they affect foodwebs, recruitment of commercially and recreationally important fisheries. Prerequisite: Junior or senior classification or approval of instructor.

405. Urban Wildlife and Fisheries. (3-0). Credit 3. Urban wildlife and fisheries trains students to establish and maintain diverse, self-sustaining urban wildlife and fish populations at levels in harmony with ecological, social, and economic values of the human community and to develop optimal levels of public appreciation and use of urban wildlife and fish resources and associated habitats. Prerequisites: RENR 205; junior or senior classification.

406. Conservation Biology and Wildlife Habitat Management. (3-0). Credit 3. Designed to acquaint the student with major land use practices on lands that produce wildlife, how these influence wildlife production and alterations or manipulations of habitat used to achieve specific wildlife management goals. Prerequisites: WFSC 302; junior or senior classification; wildlife and fisheries sciences major or approval of instructor.

407. Field Wildlife Habitat Management. (0-2). Credit 1. Field and laboratory studies of specific wildlife habitat management practices with special emphasis on those used in Texas; attendance required at four weekend field trips to study wildlife habitat operations. Prerequisite: Concurrent registration in WFSC 406 required.*

408. Techniques of Wildlife Management. (2-3). Credit 3. Techniques available to directly and indirectly manipulate wild animal populations to achieve balance between socioeconomic and aesthetic values. Prerequisites: Senior classification; WFSC 403 and WFSC 406 or registration therein or approval of instructor.*

409. NATURE in the Classroom: Needed Activities To Understand Resource Ecology. (0-3). Credit 1. Integration of natural resources through conservation ecology programs, utilization of research techniques adaptable for classroom use; field trips to community facilities, gaming strategies and computer simulations. Prerequisites: WFSC 420 or RENR 205 or concurrent enrollment; junior or senior classification.

410. Principles of Fisheries Management. (3-3). Credit 4. Basic knowledge from ichthyology, biology of fishes and limnology related to applied aspects of freshwater and marine fishery science. Management techniques applicable to streams, ponds, reservoirs, estuaries and the oceans. Prerequisites: WFSC 311 and WFSC 414; STAT 302 or concurrent enrollment; or approval of instructor.*

414. Ecology of Lakes and Rivers. (3-3). Credit 4. Biological, physical, chemical and geological characteristics of fresh waters; human impacts, which include influence of industrial, domestic, conservation and restoration activities.  Prerequisites: CHEM 101 and CHEM 222; PHYS 201; junior or senior classification.*

417. Biology of Fishes. (3-3). Credit 4. Fishes’ physiological and morphological adaptations for life in aquatic systems; physiological and behavioral responses of fish to environmental variation. Laboratory emphasizes design, conduct and analysis of virtual experiments featuring “EcoFish,” a simulation model of fish autecology. Prerequisites: WFSC 302 or WFSC 311; WFSC 414; or approval of instructor.

418. Ecology of the Coastal Zone. (3-0). Credit 3. Introduction to the ecosystems that comprise the coastal zone with an emphasis on the role of freshwater inflows; open bay systems are the focus of lectures, but fringing habitats are also discussed; human components of the coastal zone are also discussed including industrial, commercial domestic, conservation and restoration issues. Prerequisite: Junior or senior classification.

419. Wildlife Restoration. (2-3). Credit 3. Study of the fundamentals of the restoration of animal populations and the resources they require; factors that control the distribution and abundances of animals in relation to restoration; and how restoration plans for wildlife are developed. Prerequisite: RENR 205 or equivalent; junior or senior classification or approval of instructor; WFSC 406 and WFSC 407 and ESSM 320 preferred.

420. Ecology and Society. (3-0). Credit 3. Study and compare human and natural ecosystems using diversity, interrelations, cycles, and energy as the conceptional organization; central themes are sustainability, stewardship and science. Prerequisite: Junior or senior classification.

422. Ethology. (3-0). Credit 3. Survey of the control, ontogeny, function and natural selection of behavior in a variety of vertebrate and invertebrate species; interaction between the organism and its environment with regard to the mechanisms and adaptive significance of behavior; evolution of anti-predator, feeding, reproductive and cooperative traits. Prerequisite: BIOL 112 or equivalent.*

423. Aquaculture. (3-3). Credit 4. Principles of fish production for stock enhancement and human food. Species of fish used for production, cross-breeding and selection; feeds and feeding of fishes and nutritional and environmental requirements for optimum productivity; effects of fish production on land and water uses as related to conservation.*

425. Marine Fisheries. (3-0). Credit 3. Survey of fisheries for marine vertebrates and invertebrates primarily in the Gulf of Mexico and South Atlantic with special emphasis being directed to their biology, economics and management.*

426. Aquatic Animal Nutrition. (3-0). Credit 3. Chemistry, digestion, absorption and intermediary metabolism of nutrient classes with special emphasis on their relationship to warmwater fish nutrition; determination of nutrient requirements, feed evaluation, feed processing, ration formulation and feeding practices. Prerequisites: CHEM 222; CHEM 227 or equivalent. Taught even years. Cross-listed with MARB 426.*

427. Disease Management in Fisheries and Aquaculture. (2-2). Credit 3. Fish and invertebrates of economic importance; factors influencing the maintenance of health for each species group; problems and solutions unique to each phase of aquaculture from breeding to growout; application of routine diagnosis and other management tools. Prerequisite: Junior classification.*

428. Wetland Ecosystem Management. (3-3). Credit 4. Ecosystem approach to the ecology and management of wetlands; emphasis on factors controlling wetland structure and function, characteristics of different wetland types, and applied issues of wetland restoration, creation and delineation. Prerequisite: Junior or senior classification.*

433. Molecular Ecology in Wildlife and Fisheries. (3-0). Credit 3. Fundamentals of molecular ecology applied to conservation and management of wildlife and fisheries; presentation and discussion of scientific papers on wildlife and fisheries molecular ecology; topics in conservation, management and aquaculture. Prerequisites: BIOL 112 or equivalent; junior or senior classification.

444. Aquaculture I: Principles and Practices. (3-3). Credit 4. Scientific perspectives concerning major principles associated with fish production under controlled conditions; production techniques associated with prominent species produced via aquaculture throughout the world with emphasis on those cultured in the United States.
Prerequisite: Junior or senior classification or approval of instructor.

447. Aquaculture II: Aquatic Animal Nutrition, Feeding and Disease Management. (3-3). Credit 4. Review of scientific perspectives on major aspects of nutrition, diet formulation and feeding of aquatic species in aquaculture; major disease-causing organisms encountered in aquaculture and means of disease prevention and control. Prerequisite: Junior or senior classification or approval of instructor.

448. Fish Ecophysiology. (3-0). Credit 3. Ecological domains and demands placed on physiological performance; physiological mechanisms and control in fishes, interaction of physiological mechanisms with environment, emphasis in adaptive value of physiological traits; analysis of physiology and adaptation with models; process and functional modeling.
Prerequisite: WFSC 311 or concurrent enrollment, junior or senior classification or approval of instructor.

449. Professional Aspects of Aquatic Ecology. (3-0). Credit 3. Discipline of aquatic sciences through oral presentation and written documentation; job market expectations, resume preparation, job application, and preparation for and giving an interview. Prerequisite: Junior or senior classification or approval of instructor.

450. Caribbean Conservation. (0-6). Credit 2. Provide experience in and appreciation for diverse tropical habitats and the problems associated with conserving these habitats; design and conduct individual research projects on topics of their choice with approval from the instructors on project design and feasibility. Prerequisites: Concurrent enrollment in ENTO 300 and ENTO 451; junior or senior classification. Cross-listed with ENTO 450.

451. Caribbean Research Seminar. (1-0). Credit 1. Document research activities; keep a journal of activities and research methods during study abroad trips. Prerequisites: Concurrent enrollment in ENTO 300 and ENTO 450; junior or senior classification. Cross-listed with ENTO 451.

454. Amazon Field School. (4-0). Credit 4. Investigation of social and ecological complexities of biodiversity conservation in tropical ecosystems; biological and social science approaches to evaluate causes, consequences and solutions to biodiversity loss through ecology, culture and governance.
Prerequisites: Junior or senior classification with a minimum GPA of 2.0 and approval of instructor.
Cross Listing: RPTS 454 and VTPB 404

481. Seminar. (1-0). Credit 1. Oral discussion of selected topics from technical literature on recent advances in the field. Prerequisites: Senior classification in wildlife and fisheries sciences; 6 hours of 300- or 400-level wildlife and fisheries sciences courses. May be repeated for credit.

484. Internship. Credit 1 to 9. Practical experience working in a professional wildlife or fisheries facility. Prerequisite: Approval of department head.

485. Directed Studies. Credit 1 to 3. Individual study and research on selected problem approved by instructor and academic advisor. Prerequisites: Junior or senior classification; approval of department head.

489. Special Topics in… Credit 1 to 4. Selected topics in an identified area of wildlife and fisheries sciences. May be repeated for credit. Prerequisite: Approval of department head.*

491. Research. Credit 1 to 6 each semester. Laboratory and/or field research supervised by a faculty member in wildlife and fisheries sciences. Registration in multiple sections of this course are possible within a given semester provided that the per semester credit hour limit is not exceeded. Prerequisites: Junior or senior classification; approval of instructor.

*Field trips may be required for which departmental fees may be assessed to cover costs.

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