600. Field and Laboratory Methods. (3-0). Credit 3. Experience in field studies, organizing field notes, collecting and preserving vertebrate animals for teaching and museum purposes; methods for maintaining live animals and for identifying animals collected; training in preparing skeletons, corrosion models, cleared specimens and in plastic embedding. Prerequisite: Eighteen hours of biological sciences or approval of instructor.*
601. Vertebrate Systematics. (1-6). Credit 3. Theory and practice of biological systematics and taxonomy; historical development of discipline, mechanisms of speciation, the origin of higher categories and major taxonomic philosophies (numerical taxonomy, phylogenetic systematics and evolutionary systematics); theory involved in the study of vertebrates.
602. Field Herpetology. (0-3). Credit 1. Field work involving collection and preservation of herpetological specimens; natural history, ecological relations. Prerequisites: WFSC 606 or registration therein; graduate classification.*
603. History of Ecological Thought and Conservation Practice. (3-0). Credit 3. Survey of the philosophical roots and evolution of ecological thought and conservation practice; emphasis on theoretical foundations, seminal concepts, classic papers, and historic trends. Prerequisites: Course in general ecology and graduate classification or instructor approval.
604. Ecological Modeling. (3-0). Credit 3. Philosophical basis, theoretical framework, and practical application of systems analysis and simulation within the context of ecology and natural resource management; emphasis placed on development, evaluation and use of simulation models by students. Prerequisite: Approval of instructor.
606. Systematic Herpetology. (2-3). Credit 3. Distribution, evolution, speciation and new systematics of amphibians and reptiles; extensive field studies of local problem groups and philosophy and role of herpetology as a science.
607. Environmental Conflict Management. (3-0). Credit 3. Students will be enabled to understand environmental conflict systemically, understand how communication contributes to environmental conflict and develop increased capacity as managers of environmental conflict. Prerequisite: Graduate classification or instructor approval.
608. Public Participation in Conservation Policy. (3-0). Credit 3. Students will have the opportunity to become familiar with and critique theories and constructs as well as strategies and techniques for enhancing public participation in environmental conservation policy. Prerequisite: Graduate classification or instructor approval.
609. Wildlife Research Methods. (3-0). Credit 3. Research methods for ecology and conservation. Students will become familiar with the philosophy of natural science and develop skill in study design, grantsmanship, presentation techniques, critical evaluation of others’ work, and publication in refereed journals. Prerequisites: Courses in general ecology and statistics and graduate classification or instructor approval.
610. Evolutionary Ecology. (3-0). Credit 3. Survey the development of paradigms in evolutionary ecology; incorporates phylogenies into comparative analysis and macroecology; evaluates the roles of historical and local processes in determining species diversity. Prerequisite: Graduate classification.
611. Estuarine Ecology. (3-3). Credit 4. Principles governing the relationships of estuarine organisms to their environment; productivity, adaptations to environment, community structure and factors affecting the distribution and abundance of biota. Prerequisite: Invertebrate zoology and ichthyology or approval of instructor.
612. Conservation Biology. (3-0). Credit 3. Examine the development of major areas in conservation-oriented research that include patterns of biodiversity, extinction, conservation genetics, conservation of populations, communities and landscapes, and ecological sustainability. Prerequisite: Graduate classification.
613. Animal Ecology. (2-3). Credit 3. Concepts of animal ecology which emerge at various levels or organization; the ecosystem, the community, the population and the individual; laboratories emphasis on the quantitative analysis of field data and the simulation of population dynamics. Prerequisite: Graduate classification or instructor approval.*
615. Mariculture. (3-3). Credit 4. Environmental, physiological, behavioral, legal and economic factors which determine the success of efforts to cultivate saltwater species having economic importance; practices employed in various parts of the world to produce fishes, molluscs and crustaceans. Prerequisites: Ichthyology and invertebrate zoology or approval of instructor.
616. Physiological Ecology of Vertebrates. (3-4). Credit 4. Effects of temperature, oxygen and other environmental factors on the distribution and abundance of animals; comparative behavioral and physiological adjustments to environment as an evolutionary response; students will be expected to develop and execute a research project in an appropriate subject area. Prerequisite: BIOL 388 or WFSC 417 or approval of instructor.
617. Biology of Fishes. (3-3). Credit 4. Fishes’ physiological and morphological adaptations for life in aquatic systems; physiological and behavioral responses of fish to environments; molecular, cellular, and physiological mechanisms discussed in an evolutionary context that emphasizes the ontogeny of adaptive responses among vertebrates from basic biochemical and biophysical constraints. Prerequisite: Graduate classification or instructor approval.
618. Wildlife Study Design and Analysis. (3-0). Credit 3. Students will be exposed to fundamental and advanced aspects of study design applicable to terrestrial animals; analysis and review of the scientific literature related to study design; and the development of study design for written and oral presentations. Prerequisite: Graduate classification or instructor approval.
619. Wildlife Restoration. (2-3). Credit 3. Study of the fundamentals of the restoration of animal populations and the resources they require; factors that control the distribution and abundances of animals in relation to restoration; and how restoration plans for wildlife are developed. Prerequisite: Graduate classification or instructor approval. Stacked with WFSC 419.
620. Vertebrate Ethology. (3-2). Credit 4. Mechanisms and control of vertebrate behavior in an ecological context, as shaped by natural selection; classical and current theories regarding the genetic basis, development, specialized sensory systems and organization of responses in changing environment; laboratory emphasizes observational skills and quantitative analysis of behavior occurring in natural settings.*
621. Aquatic Ecology. (3-0). Credit 3. Aquatic ecosystems from a system-level perspective; contemporary models of ecosystem structure and function; introduction to nonlinear dynamics and chaos theory, aquatic ecosystem behavior and predictability as a functional food-chain length.
622. Behavioral Ecology. (3-0). Credit 3. Integration of animal behavior with ecological and evolutionary principles; includes mating, predation, foraging ecology, social behavior, game theory and behavioral genetics; emphasis on quantification of behavior and strategy modeling. Prerequisites: Undergraduate ecology course; graduate classification.
623. Aquaculture. (3-3). Credit 4. Principle of fish production for stock enhancement and human food. Species of fish used for production, cross-breeding and selection; feeds and feeding of fish and nutritional and environmental requirements for optimum productivity; effects of fish production on land and water uses as related to conservation. Prerequisite: Graduate classification or instructor approval.
624. Dynamics of Populations. (3-2). Credit 4. Principles, models and methods for analysis of population dynamics; analysis of contemporary research emphasizing theory and its uses in evaluation and management of animal populations. Laboratory emphasizes mathematical, statistical and computer modeling of population phenomena.
628. Wetland Ecology. (3-0). Credit 3. Wetlands as ecological systems that are prime habitats for wildlife and fish; geomorphology, hydrology, limnology, plant and animal communities, and human use and management. Prerequisite: WFSC 403 or RLEM 316 or equivalent.*
629. Lower Foodweb Dynamics of Aquatic Ecosystems. (2-3). Credit 3. Dynamics of the lower foodweb in estuaries, rivers and lakes, detailing the role and interactions between biota and how they are influenced by abiotic processes; effect of man’s activities on natural succession patterns and ecosystem productivity, elucidating the potential for new management practices. Prerequisite: Graduate classification. Cross-listed with OCNG 629.*
630. E Ecology and Society. (3-0). Credit 3. Students study and compare human and natural ecosystems using diversity, interrelations, cycles, and energy as the conceptional organization; central themes of the course are sustainability, stewardship & science. Prerequisite: Graduate classification or instructor approval.
632. E Ethology. (3-0). Credit 3. Survey of the control, ontogeny, function and natural selection of behavior in a variety of vertebrate and invertebrate species; interaction between the organism and its environment with regard to the mechanisms and adaptive significance of behavior; evolution of anti-predator, feeding, reproductive and cooperative traits. Prerequisites: BIOL 112 or equivalent; graduate classification.
633. Conservation Genetics. (3-0). Credit 3. Genetic concepts and techniques relevant to management and conservation of biological diversity, research and conservation strategies within a conservation genetics framework. Prerequisite: Introductory courses in genetics and ecology or biological conservation. Cross-listed with GENE 633.
635. Urban Wildlife and Fisheries. (3-0). Credit 3. Urban wildlife and fisheries trains students to establish and maintain diverse, self-sustaining urban wildlife and fish populations at levels in harmony with ecological, social, and economic values of the human community and to develop optimal levels of public appreciation and use or urban wildlife and fish resources and associated habitats. Prerequisite: Graduate classification or instructor approval.
636. Wildlife Habitat Management. (3-0). Credit 3. Designed to acquaint the student with major land use practices on lands that produce wildlife, how these influences wildlife production and alterations or manipulations of habitat used to achieve specific wildlife management goals. Prerequisite: Graduate classification or instructor approval.*
638. Techniques of Wildlife Management. (2-3). Credit 3. Techniques available to directly and indirectly manipulate wild animal populations to achieve balance between socioeconomic and aesthetic values. Prerequisite: Graduate classification or instructor approval.*
639. Wildlife Ecotoxicology. (3-0). Credit 3. Distribution, fate, and effects of environmental pollutants on wildlife behavior and reproduction. Global distribution of pollutants and effects on near and remote ecosystems. Field studies, biomarkers, stable isotope and various techniques for evaluating pollutant hazards on wildlife. Prerequisites: Courses in CHEM and BICH and graduate standing or approval of instructor.
640. Human Dimensions of Wildlife and Fisheries Management. (3-0). Credit 3. Theory and applications for considering human dimensions in an integrated approach to wildlife and fisheries management; a social science perspective with emphasis to diversity of human values, role of constituency groups, wildlife and fisheries policy development, conflict management, management decision-making, research methods and management case studies.
646. Quantitative Phylogenetics. (2-3). Credit 3. Designed to provide students with the theory and tools required for inference of phylogenetic (evolutionary) relationships among biological taxa using various types of comparative data including morphological characters, biochemical and molecular characters, and DNA sequences; hands-on analysis of data using contemporary tools. Prerequisites: ENTO 601 or approval of instructor. Cross-listed with ENTO 606 and GENE 606.
647. Nutritional Biochemistry of Fishes. (3-0). Credit 3. Principles of nutritional biochemistry including nutrient metabolism and biochemical energetics with special emphasis on finfish and shell fish. Prerequisite: BICH 410 or equivalent. Cross-listed with NUTR 647.
648. Molecular Evolution. (2-2). Credit 3. Theory and tools used in the analysis of molecular evolutionary patterns of DNA and protein sequences; format combines lecture presentations by instructor discussion of relevant scientific literature, computer exercises, preparation of research proposal or independent research project, and practice in peer-review process. Prerequisite: Basic courses in general Genetics and Evolution. Cross-listed with GENE 648.
650. Aquatic Microbial Ecology. (3-0). Credit 3. Microbes in natural environments, including both water and sediment habitats in marine, fresh and ground water systems; process studies of microbial foodwebs and biogeochemical cycling; current methods and research directions. Prerequisites: WFSC 414 and OCNG 620 or approval of instructor. Cross-listed with OCNG 650.
670. Excel Biometry. (3-0). Credit 3. Students will learn the rational and mathematics behind upper level biometrical methods; students will construct spreadsheets and analyze a common data set; topics to include multiple regressions, principle components analysis, multivariate analysis of variance and others. Prerequisites: Graduate classification; STAT 651 or equivalent.
681. Seminar. Credit 1 each semester. Important current developments in wildlife or fisheries fields with special reference to literature. Students may register up to but no more than two sections of this course in the same semester.
684. Professional Internship. Credit 1 to 16 each semester. On-the-job training in fields of wildlife and fisheries sciences. Prerequisite: Graduate classification in wildlife and fisheries sciences.
685. Directed Studies. Credit 2 to 6 each semester. Individual study and research on selected problem approved by instructor and graduate advisor. Credit adjusted in accordance with requirements of each individual case. Prerequisite: Approved proposal.
689. Special Topics in… Credit 1 to 4. Special topics in wildlife ecology, fisheries ecology, vertebrate systematics, evolutionary biology of vertebrates and conservation education. May be repeated for credit.*
690. Theory of Research. (2-0). Credit 2. Theory, design, analysis and communication of research in wildlife and fisheries sciences. May be repeated for credit. Prerequisite: Approval of instructor.
691. Research. Credit 1 or more each semester. Original research on selected wildlife and/or fisheries problem to be used in thesis or dissertation.
*Field trips required for which departmental fees may be assessed to cover costs.