602. Field Herpetology. (0-3). Credit 1. Field work involving collection and preservation of herpetological
specimens; natural history, ecological relations. Prerequisites: WFSC 606 or registration therein; graduate
603. History of Ecological Thought and Conservation Practice. (3-0). Credit 3. Survey of the philosophical
roots and evolution of ecological thought and conservation practice; emphasis on theoretical
foundations, seminal concepts, classic papers, and historic trends. Prerequisites: Course in general ecology
and graduate classification or instructor approval.
604. Ecological Modeling. (3-0). Credit 3. Philosophical basis, theoretical framework, and practical application
of systems analysis and simulation within the context of ecology and natural resource management;
emphasis placed on development, evaluation and use of simulation models by students. Prerequisite:
Approval of instructor.
606. Systematic Herpetology. (2-3). Credit 3. Distribution, evolution, speciation and new systematics of
amphibians and reptiles; extensive field studies of local problem groups and philosophy and role of
herpetology as a science.
607. Environmental Conflict Management. (3-0). Credit 3. Understand environmental conflict systemically,
understand how communication contributes to environmental conflict and develop increased
capacity as managers of environmental conflict. Prerequisite: Graduate classification or approval of
608. Public Participation in Conservation Policy. (3-0). Credit 3. Students will have the opportunity to
become familiar with and critique theories and constructs as well as strategies and techniques for enhancing
public participation in environmental conservation policy. Prerequisite: Graduate classification
or approval of instructor.
609. Wildlife Research Methods. (3-0). Credit 3. Research methods for ecology and conservation; become
familiar with the philosophy of natural science and develop skill in study design, grantsmanship,
presentation techniques, critical evaluation of others’ work, and publication in refereed journals. Prerequisites:
Courses in general ecology and statistics and graduate classification or approval of instructor.
610. Evolutionary Ecology. (3-0). Credit 3. Survey the development of paradigms in evolutionary ecology;
incorporates phylogenies into comparative analysis and macroecology; evaluates the roles of historical
and local processes in determining species diversity. Prerequisite: Graduate classification.
611. Estuarine Ecology. (3-3). Credit 4. Principles governing the relationships of estuarine organisms
to their environment; productivity, adaptations to environment, community structure and factors affecting
the distribution and abundance of biota. Prerequisite: Invertebrate zoology and ichthyology or
approval of instructor.
613. Animal Ecology. (2-3). Credit 3. Concepts of animal ecology which emerge at various levels or organization;
the ecosystem, the community, the population and the individual; laboratories emphasis on
the quantitative analysis of field data and the simulation of population dynamics. Prerequisite: Graduate
classification or approval of instructor.*
616. Physiological Ecology of Vertebrates. (3-4). Credit 4. Effects of temperature, oxygen and other
environmental factors on the distribution and abundance of animals; comparative behavioral and physiological
adjustments to environment as an evolutionary response; develop and execute a research project
in an appropriate subject area. Prerequisite: BIOL 388 or WFSC 417 or approval of instructor.
617. Biology of Fishes. (3-3). Credit 4. Fishes’ physiological and morphological adaptations for life in
aquatic systems; physiological and behavioral responses of fish to environments; molecular, cellular,
and physiological mechanisms discussed in an evolutionary context that emphasizes the ontogeny of
adaptive responses among vertebrates from basic biochemical and biophysical constraints. Prerequisite:
Graduate classification or approval of instructor.
618. Wildlife Study Design and Analysis. (3-0). Credit 3. Fundamental and advanced aspects of study
design applicable to terrestrial animals; analysis and review of the scientific literature related to study
design; and the development of study design for written and oral presentations. Prerequisite: Graduate
classification or approval of instructor.
619. Wildlife Restoration. (2-3). Credit 3. Study of the fundamentals of the restoration of animal populations
and the resources they require; factors that control the distribution and abundances of animals
in relation to restoration; and how restoration plans for wildlife are developed. Prerequisite: Graduate
classification or approval of instructor.
620. Vertebrate Ethology. (3-2). Credit 4. Mechanisms and control of vertebrate behavior in an ecological
context, as shaped by natural selection; classical and current theories regarding the genetic basis, development,
specialized sensory systems and organization of responses in changing environment; laboratory
emphasizes observational skills and quantitative analysis of behavior occurring in natural settings.*
622. Behavioral Ecology. (3-0). Credit 3. Integration of animal behavior with ecological and evolutionary
principles; includes mating, predation, foraging ecology, social behavior, game theory and behavioral
genetics; emphasis on quantification of behavior and strategy modeling. Prerequisites: Undergraduate
ecology course; graduate classification.
623. Aquaculture. (3-3). Credit 4. Principle of fish production for stock enhancement and human food.
Species of fish used for production, cross-breeding and selection; feeds and feeding of fish and nutritional
and environmental requirements for optimum productivity; effects of fish production on land
and water uses as related to conservation. Prerequisite: Graduate classification or approval of instructor.
624. Dynamics of Populations. (3-2). Credit 4. Principles, models and methods for analysis of population
dynamics; analysis of contemporary research emphasizing theory and its uses in evaluation and management
of animal populations. Laboratory emphasizes mathematical, statistical and computer modeling of
628. Wetland Ecology. (3-0). Credit 3. Wetlands as ecological systems that are prime habitats for wildlife
and fish; geomorphology, hydrology, limnology, plant and animal communities, and human use and
management. Prerequisite: WFSC 403 or RLEM 316 or equivalent.*
630. Ecology and Society. (3-0). Credit 3. Study and compare human and natural ecosystems using diversity,
interrelations, cycles, and energy as the conceptional organization; central themes of the course are
sustainability, stewardship and science. Prerequisite: Graduate classification or approval of instructor.
632. Ethology. (3-0). Credit 3. Survey of the control, ontogeny, function and natural selection of behavior
in a variety of vertebrate and invertebrate species; interaction between the organism and its environment
with regard to the mechanisms and adaptive significance of behavior; evolution of anti-predator, feeding,
reproductive and cooperative traits. Prerequisites: BIOL 112 or equivalent; graduate classification.
633. Conservation Genetics. (3-0). Credit 3. Genetic concepts and techniques relevant to management
and conservation of biological diversity, research and conservation strategies within a conservation genetics
framework. Prerequisite: Introductory courses in genetics and ecology or biological conservation.
Cross-listed with GENE 633.
635. Urban Wildlife and Fisheries. (3-0). Credit 3. Urban wildlife and fisheries trains students to establish
and maintain diverse, self-sustaining urban wildlife and fish populations at levels in harmony with
ecological, social, and economic values of the human community and to develop optimal levels of public
appreciation and use or urban wildlife and fish resources and associated habitats. Prerequisite: Graduate
classification or approval of instructor.
636. Wildlife Habitat Management. (3-0). Credit 3. Designed to acquaint with major land use practices
on lands that produce wildlife, how these influences wildlife production and alterations or manipulations
of habitat used to achieve specific wildlife management goals. Prerequisite: Graduate classification
or approval of instructor.*
638. Techniques of Wildlife Management. (2-3). Credit 3. Techniques available to directly and indirectly
manipulate wild animal populations to achieve balance between socioeconomic and aesthetic values.
Prerequisite: Graduate classification or approval of instructor.*
639. Wildlife Ecotoxicology. (3-0). Credit 3. Distribution, fate, and effects of environmental pollutants
on wildlife behavior and reproduction. Global distribution of pollutants and effects on near and remote
ecosystems. Field studies, biomarkers, stable isotope and various techniques for evaluating pollutant
hazards on wildlife. Prerequisites: Courses in CHEM and BICH and graduate classification or approval
640. Human Dimensions of Wildlife and Fisheries Management. (3-0). Credit 3. Theory and applications
for considering human dimensions in an integrated approach to wildlife and fisheries management;
a social science perspective with emphasis to diversity of human values, role of constituency
groups, wildlife and fisheries policy development, conflict management, management decision-making,
research methods and management case studies.
641. Sustainable Military Land Management. (3-0). Credit 3. Overview of the Department of Defense
(DOD) lands within a temporal, geographic, and environmental context and perspective; major policies/
laws impacting military land use and areas critical to mission sustainment; management strategies
important to sustaining installations and ranges. Prerequisite: Graduate classification or approval of
642. Field Military Land Management. (0-2). Credit 1. Review of land management practices and challenges
on military and adjacent private lands through field visits of select military installations. Field
trips required during Spring Semester. Prerequisite: Graduate classification or approval of instructor.
Previous or concurrent registration in WFSC 636 is strongly encouraged.
643. Geospatial Technology in Military Land Management. (3-0). Credit 3. Tools for visualizing, creating,
managing and analyzing geographic data on military lands and outside areas critical to mission
sustainment; familiarization with ArcMap and ArcCatalog in military-related land management scenarios.
Prerequisites: Graduate classification or approval of instructor; previous experience with ArcMap
and ArcCatalog helpful.
646. Quantitative Phylogenetics. (2-3). Credit 3. Designed to provide the theory and tools required for
inference of phylogenetic (evolutionary) relationships among biological taxa using various types of comparative
data including morphological characters, biochemical and molecular characters, and DNA sequences;
hands-on analysis of data using contemporary tools. Prerequisites: ENTO 601 or approval of
instructor. Cross-listed with ENTO 606 and GENE 606.
647. Nutritional Biochemistry of Fishes. (3-0). Credit 3. Principles of nutritional biochemistry including
nutrient metabolism and biochemical energetics with special emphasis on finfish and shell fish. Prerequisite:
BICH 410 or equivalent. Cross-listed with NUTR 647.
648. Molecular Evolution. (2-2). Credit 3. Theory and tools used in the analysis of molecular evolutionary
patterns of DNA and protein sequences; format combines lecture presentations by instructor discussion
of relevant scientific literature, computer exercises, preparation of research proposal or independent
research project, and practice in peer-review process. Prerequisite: Basic courses in general Genetics and
Evolution. Cross-listed with GENE 648.
655. Applied Biodiversity Science. (3-0). Credit 3. Students will study in the areas of Conservation genetics,
metapopulations, landscape ecology, and ecosystem management. Prerequisite(s): Graduate classification.
Cross-listed with RPTS 655.
670. Excel Biometry. (3-0). Credit 3. Rational and mathematics behind upper level biometrical methods;
construct spreadsheets and analyze a common data set; topics include multiple regressions, principle
components analysis, multivariate analysis of variance and others. Prerequisites: Graduate classification;
STAT 651 or equivalent.
681. Seminar. Credit 1 each semester. Important current developments in wildlife or fisheries fields with
special reference to literature. Students may register up to but no more than two sections of this course
in the same semester.
684. Professional Internship. Credit 1 to 16 each semester. On-the-job training in fields of wildlife and
fisheries sciences. Prerequisite: Graduate classification in Wildlife and Fisheries Sciences.
685. Directed Studies. Credit 2 to 6 each semester. Individual study and research on selected problem
approved by instructor and graduate advisor. Credit adjusted in accordance with requirements of each
individual case. Prerequisite: Approved proposal.
689. Special Topics in… Credit 1 to 4. Special topics in wildlife ecology, fisheries ecology, vertebrate systematics,
evolutionary biology of vertebrates and conservation education. May be repeated for credit.*
690. Theory of Research. (2-0). Credit 2. Theory, design, analysis and communication of research in wildlife
and fisheries sciences. May be repeated for credit. Prerequisite: Approval of instructor.
691. Research. Credit 1 or more each semester. Original research on selected wildlife and/or fisheries
problem to be used in thesis or dissertation.
*Field trips required for which departmental fees may be assessed to cover costs.